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“I’m not gay. . . . I’m a real man!”: Heterosexual Men’s Gender Self-Esteem and Sexual Prejudice. July 3, 2009

Posted by Geekgirl in psychology.
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Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2009 Jul 1. [Epub ahead of print]

Falomir-Pichastor JMMugny G.

University of Geneva.

This article is e published ahead of print. As soon as I get the entire paper, I will add more. For now, here is the abstract for this article.  What do you think? Does this fit with your personal experience?

Five studies examined the hypothesis that heterosexual men, but not heterosexual women, endorse negative attitudes toward homosexuality (i.e., sexual prejudice) in order to maintain a positive gender-related identity that is unambiguously different from a homosexual identity.

Studies 1 and 2 showed that men’s (but not women’s) gender self-esteem (but not personal self-esteem) was positively related to sexual prejudice: The more positive heterosexual men’s gender self-esteem, the more negative their attitude toward homosexuality.

Studies 3 and 4 showed that this link appears specifically among men motivated to maintain psychological distance from gay men.

Study 5 experimentally manipulated the perceived biological differences between homosexual and heterosexual men. The previously observed link between men’s gender self-esteem and sexual prejudice appeared in the control and no-differences conditions but disappeared in the differences condition. These findings are discussed in terms of men’s attitudes as a defensive function against threat to masculinity.

PMID: 19571277 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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Comments»

1. jaysays - July 3, 2009

Well, Rush [the band, not Limbaugh] had it right:

“I knew he was different in his sexuality.
I went to his parties as the straight minority.
It never posed a threat to my masculinity.
It only opened me to a wider reality.”

It’s my experience that the “hyper-masculine” men (i.e. sports figures, bull riders and spots fanatics) generally have a more homophobic attitude than heterosexual men who are in the music business, theater, fashion, etc.

I’m not certain if this is a result of them being exposed more to gay men in the “feminine” hobbies/occupations or because of those in sports wanting to prove they are number 1 (most masculine) – or a combination of the two, perhaps? But it makes good sense from my life experience view point.


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