Attitudes of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans toward Gay and Lesbian Service Members March 27, 2010Posted by Geekgirl in Legal and Policies.
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Note: While this is just now being published, the data is from 2006
Attitudes of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans toward Gay and Lesbian Service Members
University of Florida, Gainesville, firstname.lastname@example.org
RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA
U.S. policy banning openly gay and lesbian personnel from serving in its military rests on the belief that heterosexual discomfort with lesbian and gay service members in an integrated environment would degrade unit cohesion and readiness. To inform this policy, data from a 2006 survey of Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans are analyzed in this study. Views of these war veterans are consistent with prior surveys of military personnel showing declining support for the policy: from about 75 percent in 1993 to 40 percent in this survey. Among the demographic and militaryexperience variables analyzed, comfort level with lesbian and gay people was the strongest correlate of attitudes toward the ban. War veterans indicated that the strongest argument against the ban is that sexual orientation is unrelated to job performance and that the strongest argument in favor of the ban is a projected negative impact on unit cohesion. However, analyses of these war veterans’ ratings of unit cohesion and readiness revealed that knowing a gay or lesbian unit member is not uniquely associated with cohesion or readiness; instead, the quality of leaders, the quality of equipment, and the quality of training are the critical factors associated with unit cohesion and readiness.
Key Words: don’t ask • don’t tell • lesbian • gay • military cohesion • military readiness • sexual orientation
This version was published on April 1, 2010
Armed Forces & Society, Vol. 36, No. 3, 397-419 (2010)
Transsexuals and Birth Order March 21, 2010Posted by Geekgirl in Gender Identity, heredity, in the womb, transsexual.
Arch Sex Behav. 2010 Mar 16. [Epub ahead of print]
Birth Order and Ratio of Brothers to Sisters in Spanish Transsexuals.
Gómez-Gil E, Esteva I, Carrasco R, Almaraz MC, Pasaro E, Salamero M, Guillamon A.
Unidad de Identidad de Género, Instituto Clínic de Neurociencias, Servicio de Psiquiatría, Hospital Clínic, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, email@example.com.
Three Western studies have shown that male-to-female (MF) homosexual transsexuals tend to be born later than their siblings and to come from sibships with more brothers than sisters. The objective of this study was to determine whether these variables would be replicated in 530 MF and female-to-male (FM) Spanish transsexuals according to sexual orientation. The results showed that MF homosexual transsexuals had significantly more older brothers than the non-homosexual MF group. Compared with the expected rates in the general population, birth order was significantly higher in both MF (Slater’s Index = 0.59; Fraternal Index = 0.61; Sororal Index = 0.58) and FM homosexual transsexuals (Slater’s Index = 0.65; Fraternal Index = 0.68; Sororal Index = 0.67), and sibling sex ratio was significantly higher than expected in homosexual MF (sex ratio = 0.55) but not in homosexual FM transsexuals. No significant differences were found in the non-homosexual subgroups. The replication of the later birth order and sibling sex-ratio effect in MF homosexual transsexuals corroborates previous findings in a variety of groups from different cultures and may suggest a common mechanism underlying the etiology of transsexualism.
PMID: 20232130 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]