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Transgender Youth and Resilience April 9, 2010

Posted by Geekgirl in Gender Identity, psychology, Teens, transgender, transsexual.
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For the entire article, click here Transgender Youth

Development, Risk, and Resilience of Transgender Youth

Kimberly A. Stieglitz, PhD, RN, PNP-BC
(Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care,
-, 1-15) Copyright  2010 Association of Nurses in AIDS Care


Transgender youth are a group of people who are interesting, curious, passionate, and self-motivated. Like their peers, transgender youth strive for independence and take risks. However, they experience some unique challenges in figuring out who they are and who they are attracted to in a society that does not understand them.

The stigma they face because of different gender identity expression places them at high risk for becoming victims of discrimination,verbal harassment, and physical violence.The purpose of this article is to explore and describe the literature on the childhood developmentof gender identity and social reactions to nonconforming gender behavior, which in part explain behaviors that place transgender youth at high risk for HIV infection. Related topics include a discussion of common terms used in this article, typical gender identity and sexual development, challenges to development experienced by transgender youth, and HIV risks in transgender youth. The concept of resilience is introduced as a counterbalance for assessment and intervention in practice and future research with transgender youth.

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Transsexuals and Birth Order March 21, 2010

Posted by Geekgirl in Gender Identity, heredity, in the womb, transsexual.
4 comments

Arch Sex Behav. 2010 Mar 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Birth Order and Ratio of Brothers to Sisters in Spanish Transsexuals.

Gómez-Gil E, Esteva I, Carrasco R, Almaraz MC, Pasaro E, Salamero M, Guillamon A.

Unidad de Identidad de Género, Instituto Clínic de Neurociencias, Servicio de Psiquiatría, Hospital Clínic, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, esgomez@clinic.ub.es.

Three Western studies have shown that male-to-female (MF) homosexual transsexuals tend to be born later than their siblings and to come from sibships with more brothers than sisters. The objective of this study was to determine whether these variables would be replicated in 530 MF and female-to-male (FM) Spanish transsexuals according to sexual orientation. The results showed that MF homosexual transsexuals had significantly more older brothers than the non-homosexual MF group. Compared with the expected rates in the general population, birth order was significantly higher in both MF (Slater’s Index = 0.59; Fraternal Index = 0.61; Sororal Index = 0.58) and FM homosexual transsexuals (Slater’s Index = 0.65; Fraternal Index = 0.68; Sororal Index = 0.67), and sibling sex ratio was significantly higher than expected in homosexual MF (sex ratio = 0.55) but not in homosexual FM transsexuals. No significant differences were found in the non-homosexual subgroups. The replication of the later birth order and sibling sex-ratio effect in MF homosexual transsexuals corroborates previous findings in a variety of groups from different cultures and may suggest a common mechanism underlying the etiology of transsexualism.

PMID: 20232130 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Who do we think we are? The brain and gender identity January 24, 2010

Posted by Geekgirl in anatomy, brain, Gender Identity, transsexual.
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9 comments

About two years old but still an interesting commentary. Please forgive the term disorder when the author refers to gender identity. This is common in the scientific literature. Thankfully, this year the American Psychological Association has put up for debate changing this terminology.

Brain (2008), 131, 3115-3117

SCIENTIFIC COMMENTARY

Who do we think we are? The brain and gender identity

No-one, wrote Frank Beach, a notable contributor to the experimental study of hormones and sexual behaviour, ever died from lack of sex. But the personal, social and legal aspects of sexual behaviour are a pervasive pre-occupation in all humans. The variety and vagaries of sex can have severe implications, and the existence of homosexuality and disorders of gender identity demand some sort of explanation(Bancroft, 2008). Neuroscience can ask itself, therefore, why it has contributed so little to understanding human sexuality. (more…)

Dr. Milton Diamond and Transgender Research December 23, 2009

Posted by Geekgirl in A Biologist Speaks, Commentary, Gender Identity, LGBT, medical, Resources, transgender, transsexual.
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If you have not heard of Professor Milton Diamond at the University of Hawaii, you really should check out his research. He is one of the leading researchers in the field of transgender and intersex science. His website also has links to a large number of resources for LGBT folks.

“Nature loves variety. Society hates it”

Sexual Hormones and the Brain – Part 1 December 21, 2009

Posted by Geekgirl in brain, Developmental, Gender Identity, genetics, heredity, in the womb, transgender, transsexual.
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Over the next few days, I’ll be summarizing this article. I can’t print it in it’s entirety due to copyright restrictions. So I’ll summarize the information in bits and pieces.

Stay tuned. This will get interesting.

Sexual Hormones and the Brain: An Essential Alliance for Sexual Identity and Sexual Orientation

Alicia Garcia-Falgueras  Dick F. Swaab Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, an Institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Endocrine Development, 2010, vol 17, pp.22-35

Abstract

The fetal brain develops during the intrauterine period in the male direction through a direct actionof testosterone on the developing nerve cells, or in the female direction through the absence of this hormone surge. In this way, our gender identity (the conviction of belonging to the male or female gender) and sexual orientation are programmed or organized into our brain structures when we are still in the womb.

However, since sexual differentiation of the genitals takes place in the first two months of pregnancy and sexual differentiation of the brain starts in the second half of pregnancy, these two processes can be influenced independently, which may result in extreme cases in transsexuality.

This also means that in the event of ambiguous sex at birth, the degree of masculinization of the genitals may not reflect the degree of masculinization of the brain. There is no indication that social environment after birth has an effect on gender identity or sexual orientation.

Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel

Transgender Basics Video and Vocabulary December 20, 2009

Posted by Geekgirl in Gender Identity, LGBT, Resources, transgender.
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5 comments

Transgender Basics – an amazing video from The Center in New York City.

I have also included their glossary of terms, as an educational tool. As always, comments are welcome.

TRANS BASICS: GLOSSARY OF TERMS (more…)

Quality of Life for Transsexuals after Surgery December 20, 2009

Posted by Geekgirl in Gender Identity, psychology, Sex reassignment.
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A while ago, I reported a study showing that individuals who had undergone sex reassignment surgery had no regrets. Here is another study, this time from France.

Study of quality of life for transsexuals after hormonal and surgical reassignment

N. Parola (MSc)a,∗,c, M. Bonierbale (MD)a, A. Lemaire (MD)b,V. Aghababian (PhD)c, A. Michel (PhD)a,d, C. Lanc¸on (MD, PhD)aa UF de sexologie et de dysphories de genre, service de psychiatrie et de psychologie médicale, CHU Sainte-Marguerite,13274 Marseille cedex 9, Franceb 12, rue de Cannes, 59000 Lille, Francec Laboratoire psyclé, centre de recherche en psychologie de la connaissance, du langage et de l’émotion (EA 3273),université Aix-Marseille-I, Marseille, Franced Laboratoire de psychologie (EA 4210), psychopathologie et société, université Montpellier-III, route de Mende,34199 Montpellier, France

Summary

Aim.—The main objective of this work is to provide a more detailed assessment of the impactof surgical reassignment on the most important aspects of daily life for these patients. Our secondary objective was to establish the influence of various factors likely to have an impacton the quality of life (QoL), such as biological gender and the subject’s personality.

Methods.—A personality study was conducted using Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) so asto analyze two aspects of the personality (extraversion and neuroticism). Thirty-eight subjectswho had undergone hormonal surgical reassignment were included in the study.

Results.—The results show that gender reassignment surgery improves the QoL for transsexuals in several different important areas: most are satisfied of their sexual reassignment (28/30),their social (21/30) and sexual QoL (25/30) are improved. However, there are differences between male-to-female (MtF) and female-to-male (FtM) transsexuals in terms of QoL: FtM have a better social, professional, friendly lifestyles than MtF. Finally, the results of this study did not evidence any influence by certain aspects of the personality, such as extraversion and neuroticism, on the QoL for reassigned subjects.© 2009 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

Gender Identity Disorder to be discussed for DSM V December 19, 2009

Posted by Geekgirl in Gender Identity, psychology, transgender.
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American Psychiatric Association appoints a working group on Sexual and Gender Identity disorders. Activists want this term removed, since transgender and transsexual individuals are not mentally ill. But without it, how will transgender individuals get access to necessary health care?

I do not have access to the publication. But if you are interested, I suggest that you email the author of the paper, who advocates change.

jadres@psychoanalysis.net.

Arch Sex Behav. 2009 Sep 25. [Epub ahead of print]

Queer Diagnoses: Parallels and Contrasts in the History of Homosexuality, Gender Variance, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual.

Drescher J. (more…)

Transgender Health Care – A Real Problem for Real People December 13, 2009

Posted by Geekgirl in Gender Identity, Health, Intersex, Legal and Policies, LGBT, medical, transgender.
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2 comments

Do you know about The Trans PULSE Project? The Trans PULSE Project is a survey whose purpose is to learn more about how discrimination and erasure affect health care services of transgender individuals living in Ontario, Canada.  The Project continues to need volunteers for the survey.  Unfortunately, you have to live in Ontario to participate.

Part of what I find exciting about this project is (more…)

How Erasure Impacts Health Care for Transgender People September 28, 2009

Posted by Geekgirl in Gender Identity, Health.
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The Trans Pulse project is a research project in Ontario, Canada, looking at how the healthcare system provides for transgendered people. Even though it is for Canadians, if you are from another country, you might still enjoy their website.

“I Don’t Think This Is Theoretical; This Is Our Lives”: How Erasure Impacts Health Care for Transgender People (more…)