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Gay Men and Workplace Friendships April 4, 2010

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Does this fit your experience at work? What do you think?

Nick Rumens


Research shows that friendships are among the most important sources of support for gay men. Despite insights into how friends can be significant providers ofemotional, practical and affirmational support, particularly when gay men ‘comeout’ or experience discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, scholars have rarely considered the role of work friends in supporting gay men in the workplace.

This is remarkable given that work organisations remain challenging arenas for sexual minority employees to fashion a meaningful sense of self. Drawing on in-depth interview data with twenty-eight gay men employed in the UK, this article argues that gay men can rely on work friends for different forms of support in helping them to negotiate and sustain a viable sense of self. The findings show how the gender and sexuality of organisation influences which men and women are available as work friends, and the types of support they might give. Also, the affirmational support received from work friends is important not only for validating participants’ sexual identities, but also identities of class and parenthood. The study aims to complicate stereotypes of men’s workplace friendships as sources of support used largely for advancing careers and personal gain

For the entire article, click here. Gay men and workplace friendships


Stock price reactions to GLBT nondiscrimination policies April 4, 2010

Posted by Geekgirl in Legal and Policies, Resources.
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So ENDA is not only the ethical thing to do, it’s good for the bottom line

From the Human Resource  Science Forum

Stock price reactions to GLBT nondiscrimination policies
Peng Wang *, Joshua L. Schwarz
Miami University, Oxford, Ohio
email: Peng Wang (schwarjl@muohio.edu)

*Correspondence to Peng Wang, Department of Management, Farmer School of Business, Miami University, 2013 Farmer Hall, Oxford, Ohio 45056, Phone: 513-529-1653, Fax: 513-529-2342

This study examines workplace issues of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) employees. Specifically, we analyze the effect of firm GLBT nondiscrimination policies on that firm’s stock market value. Corporate equality index (CEI) is used as a proxy for how firms manage GLBT issues. Results reveal that changes in firms’ standardized CEI scores are positively associated with changes in firms’ standardized stock price trend during the following year. Our findings suggest that the stock prices of firms with more progressive GLBT nondiscrimination policies relative to competing firms in the same industry outperform otherwise equivalent firms with lower CEI scores. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Studying Complex Families in Context April 4, 2010

Posted by Geekgirl in LGBT Families, social, Uncategorized.
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From ABBIE E. GOLDBERG Clark University

‘‘How Does the Gender of Parents Matter?’’ is an intriguing follow-up to Stacey and Biblarz’s meta-analysis of the research on lesbian and gay parenting, in which they asked the question ‘‘(How) does the sexual orientation of parents matter?’’ The authors concisely and thoughtfully summarize much of the research on lesbian and gay parenting and single parenting and raise some interesting questions about how, specifically, the gender of parents matters.

Their review stimulated me to consider several key, interrelated issues.

First, it prompted me to reflect upon the ways that we have chosen to think about and study gender. Specifically, Iwould like us to consider a lens that seeks to probe the intersections of gender with other relevant social categories and contexts, as opposed to a framework that aims to identifyhow gender operates ‘‘independent’’ of these.

Second, this review compelled me to consider some of the ways in which our definitions of family have caused us to overlook important elements of diversity within lesbian-parent and gay-parent families.

Third, I was prompted to consider how the data that we rely upon assources of knowledge—that is, quantitative and qualitative—necessarily shapes the conclusions we draw regarding the nature, meaning, and implications of gender and family. In my commentary, I discuss these three issues as they relate to the authors’ review.

For the entire article, here is the link

Studying Complex Families in Context

Wrong data used to claim gays make poor parents April 3, 2010

Posted by Geekgirl in LGBT Families, psychology.
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Link to the entire article here. Ideal Families From the Journal of Marriage and Family, February issue

A quote from the beginning of this article.

The fundamental conviction that children need both a mother and a father in the home dominates bipartisan family discourse and influences weighty social policy in the United States.What’s more, proponents of this view, including some social scientists, assert social science legitimacy for this claim. The preamble to the 1996 Welfare Reform Act (PersonalResponsibility and Work Opportunity ReconciliationAct of 1996, Pub. L. No. 104 – 193, 110Stat. 2105, 1996) asserts just that.

The Federal Marriage Initiative that diverts money from welfare to promoting heterosexual marriage rests on this premise. On these grounds, the New York Court of Appeals rejected a suit for same-sex marriage (Hernandez v. Robles, 2006), proponent sof Proposition 8 convinced California voters to overturn their state supreme court’s ruling in favor of same-sex marriage (McKinley& Goodstein, 2008), and the state of Florida successfully defended its ban on gay adoption rights (Lofton v. Kearney, 2005).

Some familycourt judges still deny child custody to divorced lesbian parents on these grounds. Although such family values are generally identified with the Republican Party and the Bush administration, former President Clinton signed the welfare bill and the Defense of Marriage Act, and President Obama has repeated similar claims and statistics about children’s needs for fathers and has continued many Bush-era marriage promotion policies.

The social science research that is routinely cited, however, does not actually speak to the question of whether or not children need both a mother and a father at home. Instead, proponents generally cite research that compares such families with single parents, thus conflating the number with the gender of parents. At the same time, recurrent claims about the risks of fatherlessness routinely ignore research on same-gender parents that actually can speak directly to the issue.

A Biologist Speaks about Parenting Research April 3, 2010

Posted by Geekgirl in A Biologist Speaks.
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The February issue of Journal of Marriage and Family is available online for free. Unfortunately, when I try to create a link, I get an error message. Fortunately, I’m able to attach the articles. The lead articles are very positive and show only small, inconsequential differences in parenting. Two moms tend to parent like, wait for it, moms. In fact, two moms are better than heterosexual parents. There is less data for gay men but in general they do just fine thank you. They care for their children in the way that we think of a traditional mom as well as the way we think of traditional dads. Ultimately, the lead article concludes that parents are individuals first.

The notion that children need a mom and a dad is tied to stereotyping men and women’s parenting styles. I find that sad and reflective of a conservative culture that wants to restrict all people. Our notion of the ideal family where mom stays home and dad goes to work, everyone is happy in the Leave It To Beaver world never existed. We simply went into denial about our dysfunctional families. It was so much easier to pretend that we were the families on television.

I encourage you to go to the journals website and check out the February issue. Several articles provide different view points on same sex couples as parents.

While I found all of the articles to be of interest, including the different opinons of researchers, I began to realize that the researchers who believe heterosexual parents are the best are truly grasping at straws. Some have become aware of how other hidden biases have influenced the interpretation of data. Some have not.

So what doesn’t this issue cover? Easy. That each of us, regardless of gender, sexual orientation, is an individual. There is no discussion of how children are harmed in heterosexual unions. Child abuse, neglect, parents that are just too busy, parents who cheat, parents who get divorced, teenage motherhood. We all know that there is a huge range of what children experience in heterosexual marriages.

The microscopic examination seeking out the smallest deficiency in same sex parenting is major overkill and symptomatic of a homophobic society. It is also futile as the data simply is not there.  If we really are concerned about our children, let’s focus on giving all parents the skills, support and resources that they need.

Religion’s Effect on Attitudes Toward LGBT April 3, 2010

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Sacred Rites and Civil Rights: Religion’s Effect on Attitudes Toward Same-Sex
Unions and the Perceived Cause of Homosexuality
As you might expect, those who believe that being gay is a choice are more likely to have  negative attitude.
Link to the entire publication religion and homosexuality

Does the Gender of Parents Matter? April 3, 2010

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Link to the entire publication Gender of Parents

This recent publication is an indepth study of parents. Heterosexual parents, lesbian parents, gay men parents. In general, two moms are better than one mom. Two parents are better than one parent. But the differences are slight and certainly nothing harmful. The paper also discusses how research about parenting has been twisted to be used against LGBT parents. Most research compares two parent families to one parent families. In general, life is tougher for families with one parent.

A quote from this paper.

Family Ideals and Ideal Families

The entrenched conviction that children need both a mother and a father inflames culture wars over single motherhood, divorce, gay marriage,and gay parenting. Research to date, however ,does not support this claim. (more…)

Women Partners of Transgender Men Doing Housework and Emotion Work April 3, 2010

Posted by Geekgirl in psychology, social, transgender, transsexual, Uncategorized.
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‘Women’s Work’’? Women Partners of Transgender Men Doing Housework and Emotion Work
CARLA A. PFEFFER Purdue University North Central

Journal of Marriage and Family, February 2010

Despite increasing family studies research on same-sex cohabiters and families, the literature is virtually devoid of transgender and transsexual families. To bridge this gap, I present qualitative research narratives on household labor and emotion work from 50 women partners of transgender and transsexual men. Contrary to much literature on ‘‘same-sex’’ couples,the division of household labor and emotion work within these contemporary families cannot simply be described as egalitarian. Further, although the forms of emotion work and ‘‘gender strategies,’’ ‘‘family myths,’’ and ‘‘accounts’’with which women partners of trans men engage resonate with those from women in (non-trans)heterosexual and lesbian couples, they are also distinct, highlighting tensions among personal agency, politics, and structural inequalities in family life.
Purdue University North Central, Department of SocialSciences, Schwarz Hall 30G, 1401 S US Hwy. 421,Westville, IN 46391 (cpfeffer@pnc.edu).

For the entire article click here

Women Partners of Transgender Men

Attitudes Toward Gays and Lesbians Among Undergraduate Social Work Students March 27, 2010

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This is why I started this blog. Research shows over and over that people who think sexual orientation is a choice tend to have negative attitudes.

Attitudes Toward Gays and Lesbians Among Undergraduate Social Work Students

Eric Swank

Morehead State University, Kentucky, e.swank@morehead-st.edu

Lisa Raiz

Ohio State University, Columbus, raiz.l@osu.edu

This article identifies the factors behind students’ attitudes toward lesbian and gay individuals on the basis of the responses of 575 heterosexual undergraduates from 12 social work programs in the United States. Consistent with attribution theory, the findings suggest that the belief that sexual orientation is a choice is the strongest predictor of responses to gays and lesbians. The precepts of social learning theory and the intergroup contact hypothesis were also substantiated because sexual prejudice was lower among students with ‘‘gay-friendly’’ parents and numerous interactions with homosexual peers. Finally, negative interpretations of gay men and lesbians were higher for students who embraced authoritarian orientations and traditional gender-role beliefs and attended religious services more frequently. Implications for educators in the university environment and the classroom are presented.

Key Words: attitudes toward lesbians and gay men • attribution theory • religiosity • same-sex relationships • undergraduates

Affilia, Vol. 25, No. 1, 19-29 (2010)
DOI: 10.1177/0886109909356058

Attitudes of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans toward Gay and Lesbian Service Members March 27, 2010

Posted by Geekgirl in Legal and Policies.
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Note: While this is just now being published, the data is from 2006

Attitudes of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans toward Gay and Lesbian Service Members

Bonnie Moradi

University of Florida, Gainesville, moradib@ufl.edu

Laura Miller

RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA

U.S. policy banning openly gay and lesbian personnel from serving in its military rests on the belief that heterosexual discomfort with lesbian and gay service members in an integrated environment would degrade unit cohesion and readiness. To inform this policy, data from a 2006 survey of Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans are analyzed in this study. Views of these war veterans are consistent with prior surveys of military personnel showing declining support for the policy: from about 75 percent in 1993 to 40 percent in this survey. Among the demographic and militaryexperience variables analyzed, comfort level with lesbian and gay people was the strongest correlate of attitudes toward the ban. War veterans indicated that the strongest argument against the ban is that sexual orientation is unrelated to job performance and that the strongest argument in favor of the ban is a projected negative impact on unit cohesion. However, analyses of these war veterans’ ratings of unit cohesion and readiness revealed that knowing a gay or lesbian unit member is not uniquely associated with cohesion or readiness; instead, the quality of leaders, the quality of equipment, and the quality of training are the critical factors associated with unit cohesion and readiness.

Key Words: don’t ask • don’t tell • lesbian • gay • military cohesion • military readiness • sexual orientation

This version was published on April 1, 2010

Armed Forces & Society, Vol. 36, No. 3, 397-419 (2010)
DOI: 10.1177/0095327X09352960